in various weeks of pregnancy
Right now, there is actually an unfertilized egg cell. Your body is just getting ready for a pregnancy. Why? Doctors count the first week of pregnancy from the first day of the menstrual period, and not from the date of a conception. Two weeks from a conception you will be in the fourth week of pregnancy. This is why you should remember the date of your last menstrual period.
Only in about two weeks a sperm will enter the egg and the cell will start to divide. After approximately 4 days a zygote becomes a multicellular globular mass called morula, and after a week a blastocyst, which reaches the uterus, implants in its mucosa and develops into an embryo.
It is a bit early for the first symptoms of pregnancy. However, if they start to appear in the coming weeks, do a pregnancy test. A clear signal is the absence of a menstrual period, although this may be due to e.g. stress, disease or intense weight loss. In the beginning of a pregnancy you may be very tired and often feel like a nap in the middle of the day. Around 5-6 week of pregnancy morning sickness may sometimes occur. In some women, this happen earlier on.
Women often start to feel their breasts in a different way, they are enlarged and become more sensitive to touch and more tender. Growing uterus presses on the bladder, and this is why, even at this early stage of your pregnancy, you may need to use the toilet much more often. You will feel flavours and smells more intensely, some of them, which have been nice so far, may begin to annoy you. You may have to give up your favourite perfume. You may experience constipations, which is completely normal. Hormonal changes often bring you and your family strong emotions in the form of sudden mood changes and so called emotional swings.
Early pregnancy is a time of profound changes in your body, but you will definitely cope with them. If you are constantly tired and suffer from sickness, remember this will soon be over and you will feel better. In these difficult moments, it is great to have an understanding partner, your mother or a friend near you. And think about your child, whose birth will make up for all the present inconveniences.
Start taking folic acid and vitamin preparations dedicated to pregnant women.
Always consult taking any medications with your doctor. Avoid drugs, toxic substances, and stress.
If you have planned the pregnancy and are impatiently waiting for the results of a pregnancy test, talk to your doctor who will recommend appropriate vitamin supplementation. In an early pregnancy it is particularly important to take folic acid, if you have not taken it before, you should definitely start now. This will significantly reduce the risk of neural tube defects in your baby.
Avoid drinking alcohol and smoking, even passive smoking. Remember not to take any medications without consulting your doctor, some of them may harm your baby. Ask your doctor for possible safe alternatives. Take care of your teeth before pregnancy, as they are particularly at risk now, and not all dental treatments are indicated during pregnancy (potential risk related to X-rays and anaesthesia). You should now avoid contact with infectious diseases, those particularly serious involve rubella, chicken pox and mumps. Try to avoid contaminated environments, beware of toxic fumes and strong chemicals. It is particularly important to follow a hygienic lifestyle, wash your hands frequently and also wash fruits and vegetables before consumption. Some viruses and bacteria can be dangerous to the fetus. Listeriosis is a type of food poisoning caused by listeria bacterium. If left untreated, it can lead to miscarriage or stillbirth. Another dangerous infection is toxoplasmosis, caused by a parasite living on raw meat or cat faeces.
Try to switch to a healthy diet long before getting pregnant. Avoid rapid weight loss. If you are overweight, try to go down to a normal weight, but slowly, without following draconian diets, so as not to harm your body. Too rapid weight loss can lead to amenorrhea and cause changes in your body that make a pregnancy impossible. You may experience altered taste during pregnancy, you may want to eat different foods than before, perhaps some unusual compositions. Listen to your body. If it craves for sauerkraut, you probably need more vitamin C right now.